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EraAzi | Hive Installation with derby Hive Installation with derby
 

Apache Hive is a data warehousing solution for Hadoop which provides data summarization, query, and ad-hoc analysis. It is used to process structured and semi-structured data in Hadoop.

Installation with derby database :

PREREQUISITES:

  • Java 7 /8 installed
  • Dedicated user for hadoop (not mandatory)
  • SSH configured

1.Download the tarball file apache-hive-2.1.1-bin.tar.gz
2.Extract the file to /usr/local/ path
3.Downlaod the db derby file db-derby-10.9.1.0-bin.tar.gz
4.Extract the file to /usr/local/
5.Add the homepaths in .bashrc file and run the .bashrc file

    export HIVE_HOME=/usr/local/hive
	export PATH=$PATH:$HIVE_HOME/bin
	export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:/usr/local/Hadoop/lib/*:.
	export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:/usr/local/hive/lib/*:.
    export DERBY_HOME=/usr/local/derby
	export PATH=$PATH:$DERBY_HOME/bin
	export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$DERBY_HOME/lib/derby.jar:$DERBY_HOME/lib/derbytools.jar

1. Configure hive with Hadoop edit the hive-env.sh file, which is placed in the $HIVE_HOME/conf directory.

cd $HIVE_HOME/conf
cp hive-env.sh.template hive-env.sh

Edit the hive-env.sh file by appending the following line:

export HADOOP_HOME=/usr/local/hadoop

2. Get into conf directory under apache-hive-2.1.1-bin folder and rename hive-default.xml.template to hive-site.xml

Replace following values in hive-site.xml

 

</property>
<property>
<name>hive.exec.local.scratchdir</name>
<value>${system:java.io.tmpdir}/${system:user.name}</value>
<description>Local scratch space for Hive jobs</description>
</property>
<property>
<name>hive.downloaded.resources.dir</name>
<value>${system:java.io.tmpdir}/${hive.session.id}_resources</value>
<description>Temporary local directory for added resources in the remote file system.</description>
</property>

With these values

</property>
<property>
<name>hive.exec.local.scratchdir</name>
<value>/tmp/${user.name}</value>
<description>Local scratch space for Hive jobs</description>
</property>
<property>
<name>hive.downloaded.resources.dir</name>
<value>/tmp/${user.name}_resources</value>
<description>Temporary local directory for added resources in the remote file system.</description>
</property>

Hive installation is completed successfully.

Now you require an external database server to configure Metastore. We use Apache Derby database.

Configuring Hive with derby database

1.Create a directory to store Metastore
Create a directory named data in $DERBY_HOME directory to store Metastore data.
mkdir $DERBY_HOME/data

2.Configuring Metastore of Hive
Configuring Metastore means specifying to Hive where the database is stored. You can do this by editing the hive-site.xml file, which is in the $HIVE_HOME/conf directory. First of all, copy the template file using the following command:

cd $HIVE_HOME/conf
cp hive-default.xml.template hive-site.xml

Edit hive-site.xml and append the following lines between the <configuration> and </configuration> tags:

 

<property>
<name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL</name>
<value>jdbc:derby://localhost:1527/metastore_db;create=true </value>
<description>JDBC connect string for a JDBC metastore </description>
</property>

Here we are creating metastore_db derby database
3.Create a file named jpox.properties and add the following lines into it:

javax.jdo.PersistenceManagerFactoryClass =

org.jpox.PersistenceManagerFactoryImpl
org.jpox.autoCreateSchema = false
org.jpox.validateTables = false
org.jpox.validateColumns = false
org.jpox.validateConstraints = false
org.jpox.storeManagerType = rdbms
org.jpox.autoCreateSchema = true
org.jpox.autoStartMechanismMode = checked
org.jpox.transactionIsolation = read_committed
javax.jdo.option.DetachAllOnCommit = true
javax.jdo.option.NontransactionalRead = true
javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName = org.apache.derby.jdbc.ClientDriver
javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL = jdbc:derby://localhost:1527/metastore_db;create = true
javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName = APP
javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword = mine

4.Verifying Hive Installation

Before running Hive, you need to create the /tmp folder and a separate Hive folder in HDFS. Here, we use the /user/hive/warehouse folder. You need to set write permission for these newly created folders as shown below:

chmod g+w
Now set them in HDFS before verifying Hive. Use the following commands:

$ $HADOOP_HOME/bin/hadoop fs -mkdir /tmp
$ $HADOOP_HOME/bin/hadoop fs -mkdir /user/hive/warehouse
$ $HADOOP_HOME/bin/hadoop fs -chmod g+w /tmp
$ $HADOOP_HOME/bin/hadoop fs -chmod g+w /user/hive/warehouse

5.The following commands are used to verify Hive installation:

$ cd $HIVE_HOME
$ hive --service metastore &

hadoop@SP24HTP2 bin]$ which: no hbase in (/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin)
Starting Hive Metastore Server
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hive/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.4.1.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.10.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.apache.logging.slf4j.Log4jLoggerFactory]

you can check the process is running or not

[hadoop@SP24HTP2 bin]$ ps -ef | grep hive
hadoop 27914 23849 51 17:07 pts/1 00:00:22 /opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin/java -Xmx256m -Dhadoop.log.dir=/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0 -Dhadoop.id.str= -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,console -Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dlog4j.configurationFile=hive-log4j2.properties -Djava.util.logging.config.file=/usr/local/hive/conf/parquet-logging.properties -Dhadoop.security.logger=INFO,NullAppender org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar /usr/local/hive/lib/hive-metastore-2.1.1.jar org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore
hadoop 28013 23849 0 17:08 pts/1 00:00:00 grep hive

6.To enter to hive shell

$ bin/hive

On successful installation of Hive, you get to see the following response:

$ hive
which: no hbase in (/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin)
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hive/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.4.1.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.10.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.apache.logging.slf4j.Log4jLoggerFactory]

Logging initialized using configuration in jar:file:/usr/local/hive/lib/hive-common-2.1.1.jar!/hive-log4j2.properties Async: true
Hive-on-MR is deprecated in Hive 2 and may not be available in the future versions. Consider using a different execution engine (i.e. spark, tez) or using Hive 1.X releases.
hive> show databases;
OK
default
Time taken: 1.915 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)
hive> use default;
OK
Time taken: 0.022 seconds
hive> show tables;
OK

Using Beeline to connect with hiveserver2

Prerequisites:
Either run any one of them hive or hiveserver2, we can connect to anyone of them at a single .
Kill the metastore hive if it is running .To connect to hiveserver2

[hadoop@SP24HTP2 bin]$ ./hiveserver2 &
[2] 28051
[hadoop@SP24HTP2 bin]$ which: no hbase in (/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin)
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hive/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.4.1.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.10.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.apache.logging.slf4j.Log4jLoggerFactory]

Check the process

[hadoop@SP24HTP2 bin]$ ps -ef | grep hive
hadoop 28051 23849 60 17:08 pts/1 00:00:15 /opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin/java -Xmx256m -Dhadoop.log.dir=/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0 -Dhadoop.id.str= -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,console -Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dlog4j.configurationFile=hive-log4j2.properties -Djava.util.logging.config.file=/usr/local/hive/conf/parquet-logging.properties -Dhadoop.security.logger=INFO,NullAppender org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar /usr/local/hive/lib/hive-service-2.1.1.jar org.apache.hive.service.server.HiveServer2
hadoop 28151 23849 0 17:09 pts/1 00:00:00 grep hive

connect to beeline

hadoop@SP24HTP2 bin]$ beeline
which: no hbase in (/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:.:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/sbin:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/bin:/usr/local/hive/bin:/usr/local/derby/bin)
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hive/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.4.1.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/usr/local/hadoop-2.8.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.10.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.apache.logging.slf4j.Log4jLoggerFactory]
Beeline version 2.1.1 by Apache Hive

After successful connection connect to hive2 with following command

beeline> !connect jdbc:hive2://
Connecting to jdbc:hive2://
Enter username for jdbc:hive2://:
Enter password for jdbc:hive2://:
17/08/10 17:18:26 [main]: WARN util.NativeCodeLoader: Unable to load native-hadoop library for your platform... using builtin-java classes where applicable
17/08/10 17:18:34 [main]: WARN session.SessionState: METASTORE_FILTER_HOOK will be ignored, since hive.security.authorization.manager is set to instance of HiveAuthorizerFactory.
Connected to: Apache Hive (version 2.1.1)
Driver: Hive JDBC (version 2.1.1)
17/08/10 17:18:34 [main]: WARN jdbc.HiveConnection: Request to set autoCommit to false; Hive does not support autoCommit=false.
Transaction isolation: TRANSACTION_REPEATABLE_READ

Check the databases and tables

0: jdbc:hive2://> show databases;
OK
+-----------------+--+
| database_name |
+-----------------+--+
| default |
+-----------------+--+
1 row selected (2.964 seconds)
0: jdbc:hive2://> use default;
OK
No rows affected (0.052 seconds)
0: jdbc:hive2://> show tables;
OK
+-----------------+--+
| tab_name |
+-----------------+--+
+-----------------+--+
No rows selected (0.131 seconds)

How to connect to hive through JDBC

Add proxy in coresite.xml in hadoop as following and restart hadoop and hive

<property>

<name>hadoop.proxyuser.hadoop.hosts</name>
<value>*</value>
</property>
<property>
<name>hadoop.proxyuser.hadoop.groups</name>
<value>*</value>

 

 

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